Going to the Security Council means that you'll be a part of a discussion about an international issue. It's an exciting part of JUNA that lets you discuss and debate international issues with others in a small group. Security Council meets on Friday of JUNA. ONE delegate from each nation serves on the Security Council.
You will receive information about the issue a few weeks before JUNA. You should read all this information and investigate how your nation and region is affected by this issue, and what your nation thinks about the issue. Keeping up with current events is important, because the crisis or issue generally concerns a current problem.
After the issue is announced at JUNA, you and the other Security Council representatives attend a regional bloc meeting with other nations in your area. You'll discuss the issue and, as a group, write a short resolution about the action or position your bloc will take. You have about 45-60 minutes to do this.
Then, all four blocs meet together and present their resolutions to Security Council delegates and members. Delegates may ask questions about the resolution. Only the members of the Security Council (the 5 permanent members plus 10 rotating members) may vote on the resolution. A "no" vote from a permanent member kills the resolution. Some years, no resolution passes.
If a resolution passes, it's presented in General Assembly during the "Security Council Debriefing" section of the day.
The 5 permanent members of the Security Council are:
USA, France, China, Russia, UK
This year's permanent members are:
United States of America - Phillips Academy
France - CE Hannah Elem.
This year's rotating members are (can vote yes or no):
Bahamas - Oxford Middle
Brazil - Mtn. Brook Elem.
Colombia - Altamont School
Ethiopia - Cherokee Bend School
Ghana - Gadsden Middle
Japan - Duran Jr. High
Malta - Chelsea Middle
Mozambique - Mtn. Brook Jr. High
Switzerland - Homewood Middle
Taiwan - Mtn. Brook Jr. High
United Arab - Emirates Crestline Elementary
Other attending nations are listed in blocs:
American Bloc: Argentina, Bahamas, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Peru, USA
African Bloc: Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Uganda
Mideast/Asian Bloc: Afghanistan, India, Japan, Morocco, Pakistan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates
European Bloc: Bulgaria, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Norway, Poland, Romania, Switzerland, Ukraine